6 Reasons for Internet Congestion that May Cause an Outage

Every day more and more people are stepping into the virtual world of connections – into the cyberspace. Living in this modern era of technology we absolutely have no choice of avoiding the online lifestyle. We are all plugged in and wire up and these makes the cyberspace a very, very crowded place.

Despite the fact that modern technology is constantly working on improving of the equipment and technical support has enhanced greatly, outages cannot be eliminated. A congested network is becoming the number one, most common reason to cause outages.

On the other hand, network congestion can affect the network speed and this is quite a serious problem for businesses, both large enterprises and smaller businesses. If you happen to be affected by a slower speed or repeated outages due to congestion, you should understand the reasons that are causing these issues.

Understanding the cause of the problem, in this case congestion, is the first step to permanently solving of the issue. Here are the most common causes of network congestion.

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Large Number of Hosts in the Network domain

A network domain is a group of hosts within the same network infrastructure. These hosts are represented by the routers that are spread around a bigger enterprise, library, shopping center etc, to transmit the connection. When to many hosts are placed in one network domain it results in network overload. Moreover, this will cause interrupted connection and slowing of the speed.

 

In another case, a mobile network or a single router can represent a network domain. The big amount of devices such as tablets, computers and telephone systems acting as hosts, may exceed the permitted number of devices to request network at the same time and result in congestion. Therefore, every device will be experiencing connection interruptions.

Multicasting

In computer networking, multicasting means a simultaneous data transmission between groups of computers. Absurdly, multicasting is designed to prevent congestion, however in some cases it could be the reason creating it. Moreover, this happens when the transfer of the date in the same time causes a collision and this collision causes network congestion.

Broadcast Radiation

Extreme amount of traffic, hence, too many people requesting access on the same network results in so-called, broadcast storm. Broadcast storm consumes sufficient amount of network resources causing a situation in which the network cannot process all request at once. Therefore, this causes a repeatedly disrupted connection and slow speed that often times may end in an short-term outage.

 

Broadcast storms usually happen in public and crowded places such as libraries, schools, cafeterias, shopping malls etc. On the other hand, the cause can also be video or news gone viral, ecommerce, black Friday sales etc.

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Outdated Hardware

An optimal hardware configuration is essential for a good network connection. Frequent checks and equipment maintenance may eliminate a congestion problem caused by outdated network components.

The hardware setup must be excellent and up to date, in contrary it may result in gridlock when transmitting data. Moreover, this is the base to any stable network configuration. Having an optimal configuration is a promising start to having an uninterrupted and high-speed connection.

Poor Network Design from Service Provider

Along with an optimal hardware configuration, the network layout also needs to be optimized to ensure every part of your network is connected. Sometimes, congestion can be caused by a fault in the network design. However, service providers should aim for a good infrastructure to maximize the performance across any area of coverage.

Internet network is divided into subnets and their design should be accommodated for all the devices permanently connected to the network. The subnet should be sized appropriately according to the number of devices demanding data.

Poorly designed network and subnets in some areas may lead to congestion. Congestions as a result of poor design almost always ends in internet blackouts across an area.  Therefore, choosing an internet provider is an important decision if you are in need of a strong and stable internet connection.

If you are experiencing an outage and assume that it is a result of a fault in your provider’s services, you can check the outage map. Also it is advisable to report the outage on the map or the connection disruptions on the outage chart. This way you can learn for any similar experiences in your area and determine the cause of the outage issue.

Artificial Congestion

Your internet service provider determines the speed of the internet traffic on its network. In some cases your internet service provider may slow the rate at which data is moving and due to many reasons. This is called artificial congestion.

The constant speed of the network is determined with the agreement when choosing an internet package. Despite of that, a customer may be receiving a slower rate speed that may cause network disruptions. IPS often claims these changes in speed as a network management. However, it may be that you are sending more traffic than the network provider expects.

Choose a trusted service provider and always have a backup network connection.

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